Why did I choose this tool?
Moving from being a tacit to being a reflective learner involves ‘learning how to learn’ competence.
How does this apply to being a trainer?
Learning needs to be made an object of attention, reflection, conversation and evaluation in every field of education, and predominantly in non-formal education. It is crucial for a trainer to be aware of his own proficiency as a learner to navigate learning process in a reflective way.
Being a learner you still have a choice: you may remain a tacit learner, you may decide to develop yourself and become an aware learner, then strategic learner and finally you may reach a final level of the reflective learner.
Look at the descriptions of each phase in the following graph.
• is not only strategic in thinking but is also able to reflect upon their own thinking-in-progress, pondering strategies and revising themes appropriately
• thrives in the unfamiliar or unknown
• actively learns from failure or setbacks
• has developed a considerable degree of resilience and determination
• can organise his/her own thinking by using problem-solving, decision-making, evidence-seeking and other kinds of cognitive strategies
• is successful when the task or activity is known to them and is able to select an appropriate approach based on prior understanding and knowledge.
• in a new situation or context, she/he can be lost
• knows about some of the kinds of thinking he/she does
• he/she can compare and apply outcomes but is not strategic in his/hers own thinking
• barriers to learning in the form of misconceptions are prevalent and these learners do not work hard to overcome them
• is unaware of how he/she thinks and learns
• simply accepts whether he/she knows something or not
• will very likely have barriers in the way of their own progress and development
|From a tacit to reflective learner – evolution|
To move from stage of a tacit learner to the stage of aware learner, the learning to learn competence has to become an object of one’s learning (according to Watkins 2010).
You need to be:
- self-aware of how you are learning and how effective your learning is
You should be able to:
- identify and overcome barriers to learning
- use questioning assumptions
- delay gratification
- stick to a task
- enjoy challenges and difficulties
- organize learning effectively (develop concepts of standards and measure their current performance against these)
- be willing and able to ask for help
- understand when your own resources are limited
- learn from mistakes and setbacks
- try new strategies
Your attitude to learning:
- you should be self-regulated (managing your learning energy and focus)
- intrinsically motivated
Which type of learner are you predominantly? Mark statements from the following categories which refer to you. Decide what type of learner you are right now.
| I am able to reflect upon my own thinking-in-progress, pondering strategies and revising themes appropriately.
I feel well in new and unknown situations.
I treat my failure as a treasure, I immediately strive new learning out if it.
I know how to manage my own learning energy as well as opinion, I am resilient.
I am enough determined in my learning to achieve the intended goal.
| I can stimulate the way I am thinking by adjusting different strategies adequate to a situation.
I am learning efficiently and successfully in the situations and contexts I know.
In a new learning situation I feel lost, I need time to reorganize my thoughts.
I am slightly aware of the ways I am thinking.
I am slightly aware of the ways I am learning.
I am comparing my results of the learning process.
I am not revising my learning results, I am convinced that what I have learnt is good and adequate.
I never thought about the way I am thinking.
I never thought about way I am learning.
I accept my level of competences.
I have no difficulties with learning.
|Tacit learner||Aware learner||Strategic learner:||Reflective learner:|
|From a tacit learner to reflective learner – evolution|
What can you do to develop further as a learner? Take 5 resolutions which could help you in development as the learner.
The list of five resolutions for a learner:
- What do you think about the competence ‘’learning to learn’’?
- Which content in the article do you agree with, and which content would you like to discuss?
- What other reflection tools you would like to develop to reflect on learning to learn competence?