Choose and designing appropriate methods for collecting, interpreting and disseminating informationDefine appropriate ways of collecting informationDesigning Educational ProgrammesSkills to collect, choose, interpret and use the information according to the context of the activity.

How to choose the best tool for collecting information?

Introduction:

Many methodologies can be used for collecting data, even too many if we are not fully aware of the way we are going to use them.

Content:

DIFFERENT METHODS OF COLLECTING INFORMATION
METHOD ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES
Surveys (Mail) · Many people can be surveyed

· Not time-consuming

· Relatively inexpensive

· Everyone gets the same instrument

· Objective interpretation

· Difficult to get much detail

· Sometimes it is difficult to get correct addresses

· Might be problems with interpreting questions

· Sometimes is a problem to get the surveys

completed and returned.

Surveys (Group- Administered) · Many people can be surveyed

· Not time-consuming

· Relatively inexpensive

· Everyone gets the same instrument

· Objective interpretation

Might be problems with interpreting

questions

· Difficult to get much detail

Surveys (Telephone) · Possibility to ask for more detail when needed

· Everyone gets the same instrument

· Sometimes is difficult reaching people

· Lack of anonymity

Interviews · Researcher can perceive how people are interpreting

questions

· Possibility to ask for more detail when needed

· Provides detailed data

· Time-consuming

· The duration can limit the sample size

· Subjective interpretation

· Can be expensive

· Can be difficult to analyze

Focus Groups · Researcher can perceive how people are interpreting

questions

· Able to interview multiple people at one time, thus, more cost-effective

· Responses from one person provide a stimulus for other

people

· Group setting may inhibit some individuals from providing information

· Sometimes hard to coordinate multiple schedules

· Responses from one person provide a stimulus for other people

Observations · Objective interpretation

· Low burden for people providing data

· Time-consuming

· Some items are not observable

· Can be expensive

· Participant behavior may be affected by observer presence

Collection of Materials · Objective interpretation

· Low burden for people providing data

· Relatively inexpensive

· Might not correspond to exactly what

researcher wants

· Might be incomplete or require additional interpretation

Different Methods of Collecting Information

Exercises:

How to apply it in everyday work]

In your training experience, do you agree with the above modeling? Did you find different advantages or disadvantages?

Reflection Questions:

  • Shall I think about the possible advantages or disadvantages in my learning and training experience?
  • Why I should focus on the advantages or disadvantages of preparing any training session?

Federica de Micheli

A training focusing on participation as methodology (not only as topic) is based on a certain value premise that believes in the empowerment of all the learners and supporting the equal participation of the ones with fewer opportunities or in situations of disatatage (temporary or long term). The focus of participatory training is not just about ‘knowing more’ but about…

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Reference/made by/originally from: theimprovegroup.com

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